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How to Identify a Thoroughbred
Coat Colors Of Thoroughbreds

The following colors are recognized by The Jockey Club:

Bay: The entire coat of the horse may vary from a yellow-tan to a bright auburn. The mane, tail and lower portion of the legs are always black, unless white markings are present.
Bay

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Black: The entire coat of the horse is black, including the muzzle, the flanks, the mane, tail and legs, unless white markings are present.
Black

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Chestnut: The entire coat of the horse may vary from a red-yellow to a golden-yellow. The mane, tail and legs are usually variations of coat color, unless white markings are present.
Chestnut

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Dark Bay/Brown: The entire coat of the horse will vary from a brown, with areas of tan on the shoulders, head and flanks, to a dark brown, with tan areas seen only in the flanks and/or muzzle. The mane, tail and lower portion of the legs are always black, unless white markings are present.
Dark Bay/Brown

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Gray/Roan: In order to reduce the number of corrections involving the colors gray and roan, The Jockey Club has combined these colors into one color category. This does not change the individual definitions of the colors for gray and roan and in no way impacts on the two-coat color inheritance principle as stated in Rule 1(E).

Gray: The majority of the coat of the horse is a mixture of black and white hairs. The mane, tail and legs may be either black or gray, unless white markings are present.
 
Gray

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  Roan: The majority of the coat of the horse is a mixture of red and white hairs or brown and white hairs. The mane, tail and legs may be black, chestnut or roan, unless white markings are present.
 
Roan

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Palomino: The entire coat of the horse is golden-yellow, unless white markings are present. The mane and tail are usually flaxen.
Palomino

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White: The entire coat, including the mane, tail and legs, is predominantly white.
White

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Markings

This section provides a basic language and examples of common markings that simplify the identification procedure. The use of terminology found in this document will standardize horse markings and expedite processing by The Jockey Club.

Areas Of A Horse

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